Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access Using Intra-Beam Superposition Coding and Successive Interference Cancellation for Cellular MIMO Downlink

Kenichi HIGUCHI  Yoshihisa KISHIYAMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.9   pp.1888-1895
Publication Date: 2015/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.1888
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
non-orthogonal multiple access,  successive interference cancellation,  downlink,  MIMO,  

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Summary: 
We investigate non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) with a successive interference canceller (SIC) in the cellular multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) downlink for systems beyond LTE-Advanced. Taking into account the overhead for the downlink reference signaling for channel estimation at the user terminal in the case of non-orthogonal multiuser multiplexing and the applicability of the SIC receiver in the MIMO downlink, we propose intra-beam superposition coding of a multiuser signal at the transmitter and the spatial filtering of inter-beam interference followed by the intra-beam SIC at the user terminal receiver. The intra-beam SIC cancels out the inter-user interference within a beam. Regarding the transmitter beamforming (precoding), in general, any kind of beamforming matrix determination criteria can be applied to the proposed NOMA method. In the paper, we assume open loop-type random beamforming, which is very efficient in terms of the amount of feedback information from the user terminal. Furthermore, we employ a weighted proportional fair (PF)-based resource (beam of each frequency block and power) allocation for the proposed method. Simulation results show that the proposed NOMA method using the intra-beam superposition coding and SIC simultaneously achieves better sum and cell-edge user throughput compared to orthogonal multiple access (OMA), which is widely used in 3.9 and 4G mobile communication systems.