Millimeter-Wave Evolution for 5G Cellular Networks

Kei SAKAGUCHI  Gia Khanh TRAN  Hidekazu SHIMODAIRA  Shinobu NANBA  Toshiaki SAKURAI  Koji TAKINAMI  Isabelle SIAUD  Emilio Calvanese STRINATI  Antonio CAPONE  Ingolf KARLS  Reza AREFI  Thomas HAUSTEIN  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.3   pp.388-402
Publication Date: 2015/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E98.B.388
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Position Papers Exploring Innovative Intelligence and Technologies in Communications)
millimeter-wave,  5G cellular network,  small cell,  C-RAN,  system rate gain,  

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Triggered by the explosion of mobile traffic, 5G (5th Generation) cellular network requires evolution to increase the system rate 1000 times higher than the current systems in 10 years. Motivated by this common problem, there are several studies to integrate mm-wave access into current cellular networks as multi-band heterogeneous networks to exploit the ultra-wideband aspect of the mm-wave band. The authors of this paper have proposed comprehensive architecture of cellular networks with mm-wave access, where mm-wave small cell basestations and a conventional macro basestation are connected to Centralized-RAN (C-RAN) to effectively operate the system by enabling power efficient seamless handover as well as centralized resource control including dynamic cell structuring to match the limited coverage of mm-wave access with high traffic user locations via user-plane/control-plane splitting. In this paper, to prove the effectiveness of the proposed 5G cellular networks with mm-wave access, system level simulation is conducted by introducing an expected future traffic model, a measurement based mm-wave propagation model, and a centralized cell association algorithm by exploiting the C-RAN architecture. The numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed network to realize 1000 times higher system rate than the current network in 10 years which is not achieved by the small cells using commonly considered 3.5GHz band. Furthermore, the paper also gives latest status of mm-wave devices and regulations to show the feasibility of using mm-wave in the 5G systems.