Virtual Network Allocation for Fault Tolerance Balanced with Physical Resources Consumption in a Multi-Tenant Data Center

Yukio OGAWA  Go HASEGAWA  Masayuki MURATA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E98-B   No.11   pp.2121-2131
Publication Date: 2015/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Network Systems for Virtualized Environment)
Category: 
Keyword: 
data center,  multi-tenant,  virtual network allocation,  multiple simultaneous failures,  fault tolerance,  

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Summary: 
In a multi-tenant data center, nodes and links of tenants' virtual networks (VNs) share a single component of the physical substrate network (SN). The failure of a single SN component can thereby cause the simultaneous failures of multiple nodes and links in a single VN; this complex of failures must significantly disrupt the services offered on the VN. In the present paper, we clarify how the fault tolerance of each VN is affected by a single SN failure, especially from the perspective of VN allocation in the SN. We propose a VN allocation model for multi-tenant data centers and formulate a problem that deals with the bandwidth loss in a single VN due a single SN failure. We conduct numerical simulations (with the setting that has 1.7×108bit/s bandwidth demand on each VN, (denoted by Ci)). When each node in each VN is scattered and mapped to an individual physical server, each VN can have the minimum bandwidth loss (5.3×102bit/s (3.0×10-6×Ci)) but the maximum required bandwidth between physical servers (1.0×109bit/s (5.7×Ci)). The balance between the bandwidth loss and the required physical resources can be optimized by assigning every four nodes of each VN to an individual physical server, meaning that we minimize the bandwidth loss without over-provisioning of core switches.