Interference Coordination in 3D MIMO-OFDMA Networks

Ying WANG  Weidong ZHANG  Peilong LI  Ping ZHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E97-B   No.3   pp.674-685
Publication Date: 2014/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
3D MIMO,  RB partitioning,  JP COMP,  FFR,  DDM,  

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This paper investigates interference coordination for 3-dimension (3D) antenna array systems in multicell multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and orthogonal frequency division multiple-access (OFDMA) wireless networks. Cell-center user and cell-edge user specific downtilts are accordingly partitioned through dynamic vertical beamforming in the 3D MIMO-OFDM communication systems. Taking these user specific downtilts into consideration, the objective of our proposed interference coordination scheme is to maximize both the cell-edge users' and cell-center users' throughput, subject to per base-station (BS) power, cell-center user and cell-edge user specific downtilt constraints. Here, two coordination techniques, consisting of the fractional frequency reuse (FFR) scheme and partial joint process (JP) coordinated multiple point (COMP) transmission mode, are introduced in this paper. To solve the interference coordination problem, two resource block (RB) partitioning schemes are proposed for the above-mentioned coordination techniques accordingly. Based on such RB partitioning, JP CoMP-based dual decomposition method (JC-DDM) and FFR-based dual decomposition method (FDDM) are proposed, where RB assignment, power allocation (RAPA) and downtilts adjustment are jointly optimized. To simplify the computation complexity, a suboptimal algorithm (SOA) is presented to decouple the optimization problem into three subproblems by using FFR scheme. Simulation results show that all of our proposed algorithms outperform the interference coordination scheme with fixed downtilts. JC-DDM and FDDM find the local optimal throughput with different transmission techniques, while SOA iteratively optimize the downtilts and RAPA which shows close-to-optimal performance with much lower computation complexity.