An Improved Generalized Optimization of Polarimetric Contrast Enhancement and Its Application to Ship Detection

Junjun YIN  Jian YANG  Chunhua XIE  Qingjun ZHANG  Yan LI  Yalin QI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.7   pp.2005-2013
Publication Date: 2013/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
synthetic aperture radar (SAR),  radar polarimetry,  ship detection,  the optimization of polarimetric contrast enhancement (OPCE),  generalized Fisher criterion,  

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The optimization of polarimetric contract enhancement (OPCE) is one of the important problems in radar polarimetry since it provides a substantial benefit for target enhancement. Considering different scattering mechanisms between the desired targets and the undesired targets, Yang et al. extended the OPCE model to the generalized OPCE (GOPCE) problem. Based on a modified GOPCE model and the linear discriminant analysis, a ship detector is proposed in this paper to improve the detection performance for polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery. In the proposed method, we modify the combination form of the three polarimetric parameters (i.e., the plane scattering similarity parameter, the diplane scattering similarity parameter and the Cloude entropy), then use an optimization function resembling the classical Fisher criterion to optimize the optimal polarization states corresponding to the radar received power and the fusion vector corresponding to the polarimetric parameters. The principle of the optimization detailed in this paper lies in maximizing the difference between the desired targets and sea clutter, and minimizing the clutter variance at the same time. RADARSAT-2 polarimetric SAR data acquired over Tanggu Port (Tianjin, China) on June 23, 2011 are used for validation. The experimental results show that the proposed method improves the contrast of the targets and sea clutter and meanwhile reduces the clutter variance. In comparison to another GOPCE based ship detector and the classical polarimetric whitening filter (PWF), the proposed method shows a better performance for weak targets. In addition, we also use the RADARSAT-2 data acquired over San-Francisco on April 9, 2008 to further demonstrate the improvement of this method for target contrast.