Analyzing Characteristics of TCP Quality Metrics with Respect to Type of Connection through Measured Traffic Data

Yasuhiro IKEDA  Ryoichi KAWAHARA  Noriaki KAMIYAMA  Tatsuaki KIMURA  Tatsuya MORI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.2   pp.533-542
Publication Date: 2013/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Internet
QoS,  traffic measurement,  TCP,  

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We analyze measured traffic data to investigate the characteristics of TCP quality metrics such as packet retransmission rate, roundtrip time (RTT), and throughput of connections classified by their type (client-server (C/S) or peer-to-peer (P2P)), or by the location of the connection host (domestic or overseas). Our findings are as follows. (i) The TCP quality metrics of the measured traffic data are not necessarily consistent with a theoretical formula proposed in a previous study. However, the average RTT and retransmission rate are negatively correlated with the throughput, which is similar to this formula. Furthermore, the maximum idle time, which is defined as the maximum length of the packet interarrival times, is negatively correlated with throughput. (ii) Each TCP quality metric of C/S connections is higher than that of P2P connections. Here “higher quality” means that either the throughput is higher, or the other TCP quality metrics lead to higher throughput; for example the average RTT is lower or the retransmission rate is lower. Specifically, the median throughput of C/S connections is 2.5 times higher than that of P2P connections in the incoming direction of domestic traffic. (iii) The characteristics of TCP quality metrics depend on the location of the host of the TCP connection. There are cases in which overseas servers might use a different TCP congestion control scheme. Even if we eliminate these servers, there is still a difference in the degree of impact the average RTT has on the throughput between domestic and overseas traffic. One reason for this is thought to be the difference in the maximum idle time, and another is the fact that congestion levels of these types of traffic differ, even if their average RTTs are the same.