A Novel DOA Estimation Error Reduction Preprocessing Scheme of Correlated Waves for Khatri-Rao Product Extended-Array

Satoshi SHIRAI  Hiroyoshi YAMADA  Yoshio YAMAGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.10   pp.2475-2482
Publication Date: 2013/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2475
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2012)
Category: Adaptive Array Antennas/MIMO
DOA estimation,  Khatri-Rao product,  nested array,  degrees of freedom,  

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In this paper, we study on direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation error reduction by Khatri-Rao (KR) product extended array in the presence of correlated waves. Recently, a simple array signal processing technique called KR product extended array has been proposed. By using the technique, degrees-of-freedom of an array can be easily increased. However, DOA estimation accuracy deteriorates when correlated or coherent waves arrive. Such highly correlated waves often arrive for radar application, hence error reduction technique has been desired. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a new method for error reduction preprocessing scheme by using N-th root of matrix. The N-th root of matrix has a similar effect to the spatial smoothing preprocessing for highly correlated signals. As a result, DOA estimation error due to signal correlation will be reduced. The optimal order of N depends on the data itself. In this paper, a simple iterative method to obtain adaptive N is also proposed. Computer simulation results are provided to show performance of the proposed method.