Angular Resolution Improvement of Ocean Surface Current Radar Based on the Khatri-Rao Product Array Processing

Hiroyoshi YAMADA  Naoki OZAWA  Yoshio YAMAGUCHI  Keizo HIRANO  Hiroyuki ITO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E96-B   No.10   pp.2469-2474
Publication Date: 2013/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E96.B.2469
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Antennas and Propagation in Conjunction with Main Topics of ISAP2012)
Category: Adaptive Array Antennas/MIMO
Keyword: 
ocean surface current radar,  DOA estimation,  Khatri-Rao product,  angular resolution improvement,  

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Summary: 
Ocean surface current radar is a Doppler radar to observe oceanographic information using the Bragg scattering resonance mechanism. In this paper, we consider angular resolution improvement of the radar. The radar employs an antenna array with FMICW operation, then it can resolve angular distribution by Digital Beam Forming (DBF) and distance by Fourier transform of the beat signal obtained by the FMICW radar. In order to obtain sufficient angular resolution, large array length or aperture with increasing the number of elements is needed, that is often difficult to realize in the HF/VHF ocean surface current radar. In this paper we propose to apply the Khatri-Rao (KR) product array processing to the radar. To verify effectiveness of the KR product array processing in angular resolution enhancement for the ocean surface current radar, we apply the KR product array to actual experimental data set of the radar, and show that the method is available to angular resolution enhancement and Doppler spectrum improvement.