A Compact Encoding of Rectangular Drawings with Edge Lengths

Shin-ichi NAKANO  Katsuhisa YAMANAKA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E96-A   No.6   pp.1032-1035
Publication Date: 2013/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E96.A.1032
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications)
Category: 
Keyword: 
graph,  algorithm,  encoding,  rectangular drawing,  grid rectangular drawing,  

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Summary: 
A rectangular drawing is a plane drawing of a graph in which every face is a rectangle. Rectangular drawings have an application for floorplans, which may have a huge number of faces, so compact code to store the drawings is desired. The most compact code for rectangular drawings needs at most 4f-4 bits, where f is the number of inner faces of the drawing. The code stores only the graph structure of rectangular drawings, so the length of each edge is not encoded. A grid rectangular drawing is a rectangular drawing in which each vertex has integer coordinates. To store grid rectangular drawings, we need to store some information for lengths or coordinates. One can store a grid rectangular drawing by the code for rectangular drawings and the width and height of each inner face. Such a code needs 4f-4 + f⌈log W⌉ + f⌈log H⌉ + o(f) + o(W) + o(H) bits*, where W and H are the maximum width and the maximum height of inner faces, respectively. In this paper we design a simple and compact code for grid rectangular drawings. The code needs 4f-4 + (f+1)⌈log L⌉ + o(f) + o(L) bits for each grid rectangular drawing, where L is the maximum length of edges in the drawing. Note that L ≤ max{W,H} holds. Our encoding and decoding algorithms run in O(f) time.