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Reconfiguration Process Optimization of Dynamically Coarse Grain Reconfigurable Architecture for Multimedia Applications
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems Vol.E95-D No.7 pp.1858-1871
Publication Date: 2012/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computer System
coarse grain reconfigurable architecture,
Full Text: PDF(1.4MB)
This paper presents a novel architecture design to optimize the reconfiguration process of a coarse-grained reconfigurable architecture (CGRA) called Reconfigurable Multimedia System II ( REMUS-II ). In REMUS-II, the tasks in multi-media applications are divided into two parts: computing-intensive tasks and control-intensive tasks. Two Reconfigurable Processor Units (RPUs) for accelerating computing-intensive tasks and a Micro-Processor Unit (µPU) for accelerating control-intensive tasks are contained in REMUS-II. As a large-scale CGRA, REMUS-II can provide satisfying solutions in terms of both efficiency and flexibility. This feature makes REMUS-II well-suited for video processing, where higher flexibility requirements are posed and a lot of computation tasks are involved. To meet the high requirement of the dynamic reconfiguration performance for multimedia applications, the reconfiguration architecture of REMUS-II should be well designed. To optimize the reconfiguration architecture of REMUS-II, a hierarchical configuration storage structure and a 3-stage reconfiguration processing structure are proposed. Furthermore, several optimization methods for configuration reusing are also introduced, to further improve the performance of reconfiguration process. The optimization methods include two aspects: the multi-target reconfiguration method and the configuration caching strategies. Experimental results showed that, with the reconfiguration architecture proposed, the performance of reconfiguration process will be improved by 4 times. Based on RTL simulation, REMUS-II can support the 1080p@32 fps of H.264 HiP@Level4 and 1080p@40 fps High-level MPEG-2 stream decoding at the clock frequency of 200 MHz. The proposed REMUS-II system has been implemented on a TSMC 65 nm process. The die size is 23.7 mm2 and the estimated on-chip dynamic power is 620 mW.