Development of Sensor Network for Ecology Observation of Seabirds

Hiroshi YAMAMOTO  Shohei UCHIYAMA  Maki YAMAMOTO  Katsuichi NAKAMURA  Katsuyuki YAMAZAKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E95-D   No.2   pp.532-539
Publication Date: 2012/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E95.D.532
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Architectures, Protocols, and Applications for the Future Internet)
Category: 
Keyword: 
sensor network,  ecology,  seabird,  streaked shearwater,  

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Summary: 
It becomes so important to observe a wild life for obtaining not only knowledge of its biological behaviors but also interactions with human beings in terms of geoenvironmental investigation and assessment. A sensor network is considered to be a suitable and powerful tool to monitor and observe a wild life in fields. In order to monitor/observe seabirds, a sensor network is deployed in Awashima island, Japan. A sensor platform is useful for early and quick deployment in fields. Atlas, a server-client type sensor platform, is used with several sensors, i.e., infrared sensors, thermometers within a nest and a sound sensor. The experimental results and the first outcome of observation have been reported. Particularly emphasized is that an infrared sensor has detected a leaving and returning of seabirds, and has identified that a leaving and returning is affected by sunrises and sunsets. An infrared sensed data has also shown a chick's practice before flying to the south. These facts and knowledge have not been clearly obtained by observation of human beings, so have demonstrated the usefulness of sensor networking for ecology observations.