On Improving JPEG Entropy Coding by means of Sub-Stream Extraction

Youngjin KIM  Hyun Joon SHIN  Jung-Ju CHOI  Youngcheul WEE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E95-D   No.11   pp.2737-2740
Publication Date: 2012/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E95.D.2737
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Image Processing and Video Processing
Keyword: 
JPEG,  entropy coding,  sub-stream extraction,  

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Summary: 
We introduce an entropy coding method to enhance the compression efficiency of JPEG. Because run-length coding and early-termination work more effectively for longer zero sequences, we extract ones and negative ones from the coefficients and reduce the magnitude of all coefficients by one. The extracted coefficients are encoded with a designated entropy coding method. The proposed method can transmit images in two parts progressively, where the first contains JPEG-compatible image with a small amount of degradation and the second is used to add fine details. Our method improves the compression ratio by more than 5% without sacrificing the efficiency of JPEG.