Re-Scheduling of Unit Commitment Based on Customers' Fuzzy Requirements for Power Reliability

Bo WANG  You LI  Junzo WATADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E94-D   No.7   pp.1378-1385
Publication Date: 2011/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E94.D.1378
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamentals of Information Systems
Keyword: 
customer requirements,  power supply reliability,  fuzzy set theory,  fuzzy value-at-risk,  particle swarm optimization algorithm,  test systems,  

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Summary: 
The development of the electricity market enables us to provide electricity of varied quality and price in order to fulfill power consumers' needs. Such customers choices should influence the process of adjusting power generation and spinning reserve, and, as a result, change the structure of a unit commitment optimization problem (UCP). To build a unit commitment model that considers customer choices, we employ fuzzy variables in this study to better characterize customer requirements and forecasted future power loads. To measure system reliability and determine the schedule of real power generation and spinning reserve, fuzzy Value-at-Risk (VaR) is utilized in building the model, which evaluates the peak values of power demands under given confidence levels. Based on the information obtained using fuzzy VaR, we proposed a heuristic algorithm called local convergence-averse binary particle swarm optimization (LCA-PSO) to solve the UCP. The proposed model and algorithm are used to analyze several test systems. Comparisons between the proposed algorithm and the conventional approaches show that the LCA-PSO performs better in finding the optimal solutions.