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Asymptotically Optimum Quadratic Detection in the Case of Subpixel Targets
Andres CASTILLEJOS MORENO
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences Vol.E94-A No.9 pp.1786-1792
Publication Date: 2011/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
subpixel matched subspace detector,
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This work extends the optimum Neymann-Pearson methodology to detection of a subspace signal in the correlated additive Gaussian noise when the noise power may be different under the null (H0) and alternative (H1) hypotheses. Moreover, it is assumed that the noise covariance structure and power under the null hypothesis are known but under the alternative hypothesis the noise power can be unknown. This situation occurs when the presence of a small point (subpixel) target decreases the noise power. The conventional matched subspace detector (MSD) neglects this phenomenon and causes a consistent loss in the detection performance. We derive the generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT) for such a detection problem comparing it against the conventional MSD. The designed detector is theoretically justified and numerically evaluated. Both the theoretical and computer simulation results have shown that the proposed detector outperforms the conventional MSD. As to the detection performance, it has been shown that the detectivity of the proposed detector depends on the additional adaptive corrective term in the threshold. This corrective term decreases the value of presumed threshold automatically and, therefore, increases the probability of detection. The influence of this corrective term on the detector performance has been evaluated for an example scenario.