Image Watermarking Based on Invariant Representation of Polar Sine Transform

Leida LI  Jianying ZHANG  Ajith ABRAHAM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E94-A   No.10   pp.2048-2052
Publication Date: 2011/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
Keyword: 
watermarking,  invariant moment,  Polar Sine Transform,  

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Summary: 
This letter presents a new image watermarking scheme using Polar Sine Transform (PST), a new kind of orthogonal moment defined on a circular domain. The PSTs are easy to compute and have no numerical stability problem, thus are more suitable for watermarking. In the proposed method, the PSTs are modified according to the binary watermark bits, producing a compensation image. The watermarked image is obtained by adding the compensation image to the original image directly. Simulation results show the advantages of the proposed scheme in terms of both watermark capacity and watermark robustness.