MV-OPES: Multivalued-Order Preserving Encryption Scheme: A Novel Scheme for Encrypting Integer Value to Many Different Values

Hasan KADHEM  Toshiyuki AMAGASA  Hiroyuki KITAGAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E93-D   No.9   pp.2520-2533
Publication Date: 2010/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E93.D.2520
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Data Engineering, Web Information Systems
encryption,  order-preserving,  database outsourcing,  statistical attack,  

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Encryption can provide strong security for sensitive data against inside and outside attacks. This is especially true in the "Database as Service" model, where confidentiality and privacy are important issues for the client. In fact, existing encryption approaches are vulnerable to a statistical attack because each value is encrypted to another fixed value. This paper presents a novel database encryption scheme called MV-OPES (Multivalued--Order Preserving Encryption Scheme), which allows privacy-preserving queries over encrypted databases with an improved security level. Our idea is to encrypt a value to different multiple values to prevent statistical attacks. At the same time, MV-OPES preserves the order of the integer values to allow comparison operations to be directly applied on encrypted data. Using calculated distance (range), we propose a novel method that allows a join query between relations based on inequality over encrypted values. We also present techniques to offload query execution load to a database server as much as possible, thereby making a better use of server resources in a database outsourcing environment. Our scheme can easily be integrated with current database systems as it is designed to work with existing indexing structures. It is robust against statistical attack and the estimation of true values. MV-OPES experiments show that security for sensitive data can be achieved with reasonable overhead, establishing the practicability of the scheme.