Adaptive Training for Voice Conversion Based on Eigenvoices

Yamato OHTANI  Tomoki TODA  Hiroshi SARUWATARI  Kiyohiro SHIKANO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E93-D   No.6   pp.1589-1598
Publication Date: 2010/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E93.D.1589
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech and Hearing
Keyword: 
speech synthesis,  voice conversion,  Gaussian mixture model,  eigenvoice,  adaptive training,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we describe a novel model training method for one-to-many eigenvoice conversion (EVC). One-to-many EVC is a technique for converting a specific source speaker's voice into an arbitrary target speaker's voice. An eigenvoice Gaussian mixture model (EV-GMM) is trained in advance using multiple parallel data sets consisting of utterance-pairs of the source speaker and many pre-stored target speakers. The EV-GMM can be adapted to new target speakers using only a few of their arbitrary utterances by estimating a small number of adaptive parameters. In the adaptation process, several parameters of the EV-GMM to be fixed for different target speakers strongly affect the conversion performance of the adapted model. In order to improve the conversion performance in one-to-many EVC, we propose an adaptive training method of the EV-GMM. In the proposed training method, both the fixed parameters and the adaptive parameters are optimized by maximizing a total likelihood function of the EV-GMMs adapted to individual pre-stored target speakers. We conducted objective and subjective evaluations to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed training method. The experimental results show that the proposed adaptive training yields significant quality improvements in the converted speech.