A Retransmission-Enhanced Duty-Cycle MAC Protocol Based on the Channel Quality for Wireless Sensor Networks

Kisuk KWEON  Hanjin LEE  Hyunsoo YOON  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E93-B   No.11   pp.3156-3160
Publication Date: 2010/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E93.B.3156
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
WSN,  duty-cycle MAC,  low latency,  energy efficiency,  wireless channel quality,  

Full Text: PDF(173.6KB)>>
Buy this Article




Summary: 
Duty-cycle MAC protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to reduce the energy consumed by idle listening, but they introduce significant end-to-end delivery latency. Several works have attempted to mitigate this latency, but they still have a problem on handling the packet loss. The quality of the wireless channel in WSNs is quite bad, so packets are frequently lost. In this letter, we present a novel duty-cycle MAC protocol, called REMAC (Retransmission-Enhanced duty-cycle MAC), which exploits both the network layer and the physical layer information. REMAC estimates the quality of the wireless channel and properly reserves the wireless channel to handle the packet loss. It can reduce the end-to-end packet delivery latency caused by the packet loss without sacrificing the energy efficiency. Simulation results show that REMAC outperforms RMAC in terms of the end-to-end packet delivery latency.