A Message-Efficient Peer-to-Peer Search Protocol Based on Adaptive Index Dissemination

Yu WU  Taisuke IZUMI  Fukuhito OOSHITA  Hirotsugu KAKUGAWA  Toshimitsu MASUZAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E92-D   No.2   pp.258-268
Publication Date: 2009/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computation and Computational Models
Keyword: 
peer-to-peer,  search,  message cost,  popularity,  adaptability,  index-dissemination,  

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Summary: 
Resource search is a fundamental problem in large-scale and highly dynamic Peer-to-Peer (P2P) systems. Unstructured search approaches are widely used because of their flexibility and robustness. However, such approaches incur high communication cost. The index-dissemination-based search is a kind of efficient unstructured search approach. We investigate such approaches with respect to minimize the system communication cost. Based on a dynamic system model that peers continuously leave and join, we solve two problems. One problem is how to efficiently disseminate and maintain a given number of indices. Another is to determine the optimal number of indices for each resource object of a given popularity. Finally, we propose an optimized index dissemination scheme which is fully decentralized and self-adaptive. A remarkable advantage is that the scheme yields no additional communication cost to achieve the self-adaptive feature.