FreeNA: A Multi-Platform Framework for Inserting Upper-Layer Network Services

Ryota KAWASHIMA  Yusheng JI  Katsumi MARUYAMA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E92-D   No.10   pp.1923-1933
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1923
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on New Technologies and their Applications of the Internet)
Category: QoS and Quality Management
Keyword: 
upper-layer services,  transparent functions insertion,  system-call interposition,  multi-platform framework,  SSL,  

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Summary: 
Networking technologies have recently been evolving and network applications are now expected to support flexible composition of upper-layer network services, such as security, QoS, or personal firewall. We propose a multi-platform framework called FreeNA* that extends existing applications by incorporating the services based on user definitions. This extension does not require users to modify their systems at all. Therefore, FreeNA is valuable for experimental system usage. We implemented FreeNA on both Linux and Microsoft Windows operating systems, and evaluated their functionality and performance. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of FreeNA including details on how to insert network services into existing applications and how to create services in a multi-platform environment. We also give an example implementation of a service with SSL, a functionality comparison with relevant systems, and our performance evaluation results. The results show that FreeNA offers finer configurability, composability, and usability than other similar systems. We also show that the throughput degradation of transparent service insertion is 2% at most compared with a method of directly inserting such services into applications.