WindTalker: A P2P-Based Low-Latency Anonymous Communication Network

Jia ZHANG  Haixin DUAN  Wu LIU  Jianping WU  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.10   pp.3183-3194
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3183
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Internet
Keyword: 
anonymous communication,  peer-to-peer,  trust,  reputation,  network security,  

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Summary: 
Compared with traditional static anonymous communication networks, the P2P architecture can provide higher anonymity in communication. However, the P2P architecture also leads to more challenges, such as route, stability, trust and so on. In this paper, we present WindTalker, a P2P-based low-latency anonymous communication network. It is a pure decentralized mix network and can provide low-latency services which help users hide their real identity in communication. In order to ensure stability and reliability, WindTalker imports "seed nodes" to help a peer join in the P2P network and the peer nodes can use gossip-based protocol to exchange active information. Moreover, WindTalker uses layer encryption to ensure the information of relayed messages cannot be leaked. In addition, malicious nodes in the network are the major threat to anonymity of P2P anonymous communication, so WindTalker imports a trust mechanism which can help the P2P network exclude malicious nodes and optimize the strategy of peer discovery, tunnel construction, and relaying etc. in anonymous communications. We deploy peer nodes of WindTalker in our campus network to test reliability and analyze anonymity in theory. The network measurement and simulation analysis shows that WindTalker can provide low-latency and reliable anonymous communication services.