Proposal of a Desk-Side Supercomputer with Reconfigurable Data-Paths Using Rapid Single-Flux-Quantum Circuits

Naofumi TAKAGI  Kazuaki MURAKAMI  Akira FUJIMAKI  Nobuyuki YOSHIKAWA  Koji INOUE  Hiroaki HONDA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E91-C   No.3   pp.350-355
Publication Date: 2008/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e91-c.3.350
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Recent Progress in Superconductive Digital Electronics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
superconductor,  rapid single-flux-quantum circuit,  reconfigurable data-path,  high-performance computing,  supercomputer,  

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Summary: 
We propose a desk-side supercomputer with large-scale reconfigurable data-paths (LSRDPs) using superconducting rapid single-flux-quantum (RSFQ) circuits. It has several sets of computing unit which consists of a general-purpose microprocessor, an LSRDP and a memory. An LSRDP consists of a lot of, e.g., a few thousand, floating-point units (FPUs) and operand routing networks (ORNs) which connect the FPUs. We reconfigure the LSRDP to fit a computation, i.e., a group of floating-point operations, which appears in a 'for' loop of numerical programs by setting the route in ORNs before the execution of the loop. We propose to implement the LSRDPs by RSFQ circuits. The processors and the memories can be implemented by semiconductor technology. We expect that a 10 TFLOPS supercomputer, as well as a refrigerating engine, will be housed in a desk-side rack, using a near-future RSFQ process technology, such as 0.35 µm process.