Novel Architecture of Feedforward Second-Order Multibit ΔΣAD Modulator

Hao SAN  Hajime KONAGAYA  Feng XU  Atsushi MOTOZAWA  Haruo KOBAYASHI  Kazumasa ANDO  Hiroshi YOSHIDA  Chieto MURAYAMA  Kanichi MIYAZAWA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.4   pp.965-970
Publication Date: 2008/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.4.965
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Selected Papers from the 20th Workshop on Circuits and Systems in Karuizawa)
ΔΣAD modulator,  switched-capacitor,  feedforward,  multibit,  

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This paper proposes novel feedforward architecture of the second-order multibit ΔΣAD modulator with single DAC-feedback topology. The ΔΣAD modulator realizes high resolution by oversampling and noise shaping techniques. However, its SNDR (Signal to Noise and Distortion Ratio) is limited by the dynamic range of the input signal and non-idealities of circuit building blocks, particularly by the harmonic distortion in amplifier circuits. A full feedforward ΔΣAD modulator structure has the signal transfer function of unity under ideal circumstances, which means that the signal swings through the loop filter become smaller compared with a feedbacked ΔΣAD modulator. Therefore, the harmonic distortion generated inside the loop filter can be significantly reduced in the feedforward structure because the effect of non-idealities in amplifiers can be suppressed when signal swing is small. Moreover, the reduction of the internal signal swings also relaxes output swing requirements for amplifiers with low supply voltage. However, in conventional feedforward ΔΣAD modulator, an analog adder is needed before quantizer, and especially in a multibit modulator, an additional amplifier is necessary to realize the summation of feedforward signals, which leads to extra chip area and power dissipation. In this paper, we propose a novel architecture of a feedforward ΔΣAD modulator which realizes the summation of feedforward signals without additional amplifier. The proposed architecture is functionally equivalent to the conventional one but with smaller chip area and lower power dissipation. We conducted MATLAB and SPICE simulations to validate the proposed architecture and modulator circuits.