Space-Time Cyclic Delay Transmit Diversity for a Multi-Code DS-CDMA Signal with Frequency-Domain Equalization

Ryoko KAWAUCHI  Kazuaki TAKEDA  Fumiyuki ADACHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.3   pp.591-596
Publication Date: 2007/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.3.591
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
multi-code DS-CDMA,  Frequency-domain equalization,  Cyclic Delay Transmit Diversity (CDTD),  Space-Time Transmit Diversity (STTD),  

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Summary: 
Frequency-domain equalization (FDE) can take advantage of the frequency-selectivity of the channel to improve the transmission performance in a frequency selective fading channel. To further improve the transmission performance, the transmit diversity technique can be used. Cyclic delay transmit diversity (CDTD) can strengthen the frequency-selectivity while space-time transmit diversity (STTD) can achieve the antenna diversity gain. In this paper, we propose a 4-antenna space-time cyclic delay transmit diversity (STCDTD), which is a combination of 2-antenna STTD and 2-antenna CDTD schemes, for orthogonal multi-code direct sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) using FDE. We evaluate the BER performance and the throughput performance by computer simulation and compare them with the original CDTD and STTD schemes.