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Speech Analysis Based on Modeling the Effective Voice Source
M. Shahidur RAHMAN
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems Vol.E89-D No.3 pp.1107-1115
Publication Date: 2006/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Statistical Modeling for Speech Processing)
Category: Speech Analysis
effective voice source,
least square method,
Full Text: PDF(1.2MB)
A new system identification based method has been proposed for accurate estimation of vocal tract parameters. An often encountered problem in using the conventional linear prediction analysis is due to the harmonic structure of the excitation source of voiced speech. This harmonic characteristic is coupled with the estimation of autoregressive (AR) coefficients that results in difficulties in estimating the vocal tract filter. This paper models the effective voice source from the residual obtained through the covariance analysis in the first-pass which is then used as input to the second-pass least-square analysis. A better source-filter separation is thus achieved. The formant frequencies and corresponding bandwidths obtained using the proposed method for synthetic vowels are found to be accurate up to a factor of more than three (in percent) compared to the conventional method. Since the source characteristic is taken into account, local variations due to the positioning of analysis window are reduced significantly. The validity of the proposed method is also examined by inspecting the spectra obtained from natural vowel sounds uttered by high-pitched female speaker.