Please login using the form on menu list.|
It is required to login for Full-Text PDF.
High-Frequency Low-Noise Voltage-Controlled LC-Tank Oscillators Using a Tunable Inductor Technique
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics Vol.E89-C No.11 pp.1567-1574
Publication Date: 2006/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Novel Device Architectures and System Integration Technologies)
Full Text: PDF(1.2MB)
This paper describes 3-GHz and 7-GHz tunable-inductance LC-tank voltage-controlled oscillators (VCOs) implemented in 0.18-µm CMOS technology. Unlike the traditional tuning method by a varactor, a tunable inductor is employed in the VCO by using a transformer to compensate for the energy loss. The VCO facilitates the tuning frequency and low noise of the output signals, together with a variable inductor which satisfies both criteria. The 3-GHz VCO using a symmetry transformer provides the tuning range of 2.85 to 3.12 GHz at 1-V supply. The power consumption is 4.8 mW while the measured phase noise is -126 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset from a 2.85-GHz carrier. A small-area stacked transformer is employed in the 7-GHz VCO, which achieves a tuning range of 6.59 to 7.02 GHz and measured phase noise of -114 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset from a 6.59-GHz carrier while consuming 9 mW from a 1.2-V supply.