Polarimetric Scattering Analysis for a Finite Dihedral Corner Reflector

Kei HAYASHI  Ryoichi SATO  Yoshio YAMAGUCHI  Hiroyoshi YAMADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E89-B   No.1   pp.191-195
Publication Date: 2006/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e89-b.1.191
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
Keyword: 
finite dihedral corner reflector,  double-bounce scattering,  radar polarimetry,  POLSAR,  

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Summary: 
This paper examines polarimetric scattering characteristics caused by a dihedral corner reflector of finite size. The dihedral corner reflector is a basic model of double-bounce structure in urban area. The detailed scattering information serves the interpretation of Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (POLSAR) data analysis. The Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) method is utilized for the scattering calculation because of its simplicity and flexibility in the target shape modeling. This paper points out that there exists a stable double-bounce squint angle region both for perfect electric conductor (PEC) and dielectric corner reflectors. Beyond this stable squint angular region, the scattering characteristics become completely different from the assumed response. A criterion on the double-bounce scattering is proposed based on the physical optics (PO) approximation. The detailed analyses on the polarimetric index (co-polarization ratio) with respect to squint angle and an experimental result measured in an anechoic chamber are shown.