Interface for Barge-in Free Spoken Dialogue System Using Nullspace Based Sound Field Control and Beamforming

Shigeki MIYABE  Hiroshi SARUWATARI  Kiyohiro SHIKANO  Yosuke TATEKURA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E89-A   No.3   pp.716-726
Publication Date: 2006/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e89-a.3.716
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Multidimensional Signal Processing and Its Application)
Category: Speech/Audio Processing
Keyword: 
spoken dialogue system,  barge-in,  sound field control,  beamforming,  nullspace,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we describe a new interface for a barge-in free spoken dialogue system combining multichannel sound field control and beamforming, in which the response sound from the system can be canceled out at the microphone points. The conventional method inhibits a user from moving because the system forces the user to stay at a fixed position where the response sound is reproduced. However, since the proposed method does not set control points for the reproduction of the response sound to the user, the user is allowed to move. Furthermore, the relaxation of strict reproduction for the response sound enables us to design a stable system with fewer loudspeakers than those used in the conventional method. The proposed method shows a higher performance in speech recognition experiments.