A Kernel-Based Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Face Detection

Takio KURITA  Toshiharu TAGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E88-D   No.3   pp.628-635
Publication Date: 2005/03/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e88-d.3.628
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Pattern Recognition
face detection,  kernel Fisher discriminant analysis,  kernel principal component analysis,  

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This paper presents a modification of kernel-based Fisher discriminant analysis (FDA) to design one-class classifier for face detection. In face detection, it is reasonable to assume "face" images to cluster in certain way, but "non face" images usually do not cluster since different kinds of images are included. It is difficult to model "non face" images as a single distribution in the discriminant space constructed by the usual two-class FDA. Also the dimension of the discriminant space constructed by the usual two-class FDA is bounded by 1. This means that we can not obtain higher dimensional discriminant space. To overcome these drawbacks of the usual two-class FDA, the discriminant criterion of FDA is modified such that the trace of covariance matrix of "face" class is minimized and the sum of squared errors between the average vector of "face" class and feature vectors of "non face" images are maximized. By this modification a higher dimensional discriminant space can be obtained. Experiments are conducted on "face" and "non face" classification using face images gathered from the available face databases and many face images on the Web. The results show that the proposed method can outperform the support vector machine (SVM). A close relationship between the proposed kernel-based FDA and kernel-based Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is also discussed.