Very-Low-Complexity Maximum-Likelihood Decoders for Four-Transmit-Antenna Quasi-Orthogonal Space-Time Code

Minh-Tuan LE  Van-Su PHAM  Linh MAI  Giwan YOON  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E88-B   No.9   pp.3802-3805
Publication Date: 2005/09/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e88-b.9.3802
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
space-time coding,  multiple-input multiple-output,  maximum likelihood detection,  diversity,  wireless communication,  

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This letter proposes two very-low-complexity maximum-likelihood (ML) detection algorithms based on QR decomposition for the quasi-orthogonal space-time code (QSTBC) with four transmit antennas [3]-[5], called VLCMLDec1 and VLCMLDec2 decoders. The first decoder, VLCMLDec1, can be used to detect transmitted symbols being extracted from finite-size constellations such as phase-shift keying (PSK) or quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM). The second decoder, VLCMLDec2, is an enhanced version of the VLCMLDec1, developed mainly for QAM constellations. Simulation results show that both of the proposed decoders enable the QSTBC to achieve ML performance with significant reduction in computational load.