Near-Field Sound-Source Localization Based on a Signed Binary Code

Miki SATO  Akihiko SUGIYAMA  Osamu HOSHUYAMA  Nobuyuki YAMASHITA  Yoshihiro FUJITA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E88-A   No.8   pp.2078-2086
Publication Date: 2005/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e88-a.8.2078
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Papers Selected from the 19th Symposium on Signal Processing)
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
source localization,  DOA estimation,  near-field,  signal processor,  microphone array,  robot,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes near-field sound-source localization based on crosscorrelation of a signed binary code. The signed binary code eliminates multibit signal processing for simpler implementation. Explicit formulae with near-field assumption are derived for a two microphone scenario and extended to a three microphone case with front-rear discrimination. Adaptive threshold for enabling and disabling source localization is developed for robustness in noisy environment. The proposed sound-source localization algorithm is implemented on a fixed-point DSP. Evaluation results in a robot scenario demonstrate that near-field assumption and front-rear discrimination provides almost 40% improvement in DOA estimation. A correct detection rate of 85% is obtained by a robot in a home environment.