Ultrafast All-Optical Switching and Modulation Using Intersubband Transitions in Coupled Quantum Well Structures

Haruhiko YOSHIDA  Takasi SIMOYAMA  Achanta Venu GOPAL  Jun-ichi KASAI  Teruo MOZUME  Hiroshi ISHIKAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E87-C   No.7   pp.1134-1141
Publication Date: 2004/07/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Ultrafast Photonics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
intersubband transition,  all-optical,  coupled quantum well,  optical communication,  Sb,  

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Summary: 
In this report we present all-optical switches and modulators based on the intersubband transition in semiconductor quantum wells. The use of InGaAs/AlAsSb coupled double quantum well structures is proposed to facilitate intersubband transitions in the optical-communication band, and to reduce the intersubband absorption recovery time from several picoseconds to a few hundred femtoseconds by utilizing enhanced electron-phonon scattering. Subpicosecond all-optical gating and modulation in coupled double quantum wells are observed using pump-probe experiments at optical-communication wavelengths. The results indicate that the intersubband transition in this structure is very useful for ultrafast all-optical switching devices.