Circular Polarization Correlation Coefficient for Detection of Non-natural Targets Aligned Not Parallel to SAR Flight Path in the X-band POLSAR Image Analysis

Koji KIMURA  Yoshio YAMAGUCHI  Toshifumi MORIYAMA  Hiroyoshi YAMADA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E87-B   No.10   pp.3050-3056
Publication Date: 2004/10/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Sensing
the circular polarization basis,  correlation coefficient,  phase angle,  non-natural targets,  Line-Of-Sight,  POLSAR,  

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This paper proposes a method to detect buildings and houses whose walls are not parallel to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) flight path. Experimental observations show that it is difficult to detect these targets because of small backscattering characteristics. The detection method is based on the correlation coefficient in the circular polarization basis, taking full advantage of Polarimetric SAR (POLSAR) data. Since the correlation coefficient is real-valued for natural distributed targets with reflection symmetry and for non-natural targets orthogonal to illumination direction, and it becomes a complex number for non-natural targets aligned not orthogonal to radar Line-Of-Sight (LOS), the value seems to be an effective index for detection of obliquely aligned non-natural targets. The detection results are shown using the X-band Polarimetric and Interferometric SAR (Pi-SAR) single-path data set in conjunction with other polarimetric indices.