High-Fidelity Blind Separation of Acoustic Signals Using SIMO-Model-Based Independent Component Analysis

Tomoya TAKATANI  Tsuyoki NISHIKAWA  Hiroshi SARUWATARI  Kiyohiro SHIKANO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E87-A   No.8   pp.2063-2072
Publication Date: 2004/08/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Engineering Acoustics
Keyword: 
blind source separation,  microphone array,  independent component analysis,  SIMO model,  

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Summary: 
We newly propose a novel blind separation framework for Single-Input Multiple-Output (SIMO)-model-based acoustic signals using an extended ICA algorithm, SIMO-ICA. The SIMO-ICA consists of multiple ICAs and a fidelity controller, and each ICA runs in parallel under the fidelity control of the entire separation system. The SIMO-ICA can separate the mixed signals, not into monaural source signals but into SIMO-model-based signals from independent sources as they are at the microphones. Thus, the separated signals of SIMO-ICA can maintain the spatial qualities of each sound source. In order to evaluate its effectiveness, separation experiments are carried out under both nonreverberant and reverberant conditions. The experimental results reveal that the signal separation performance of the proposed SIMO-ICA is the same as that of the conventional ICA-based method, and that the spatial quality of the separated sound in SIMO-ICA is remarkably superior to that of the conventional method, particularly for the fidelity of the sound reproduction.