Proposal and Evaluation of Method to Estimate Packet Loss-Rate Using Correlation of Packet Delay and Loss

Keisuke ISHIBASHI  Masaki AIDA  Shin-ichi KURIBAYASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E86-D   No.11   pp.2371-2379
Publication Date: 2003/11/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on New Technologies in the Internet and their Applications)
packet loss rate,  transmission delay,  change of measure,  QoS,  

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We previously proposed a change-of-measure based performance measurement method which combines active and passive measurement to estimate performance experienced by user packets and applied this to estimate packet delay. In this paper, we apply it to estimating loss rate. Since packets are rarely lost in current networks, rate measurement usually requires a huge number of probe packets, which imposes a non-negligible load on networks. We propose a loss-rate estimation method which requires significantly fewer number of probe packets. In our proposed method, the correlation between delay and loss is measured in advance, and at the time of measurement, the time-averaged loss rate is estimated by using the delay of probe packets and the correlation. We also applied our change-of-measure framework to estimating the loss rate in user packets by using this time-averaged loss rate. We prove that the mean square error in our method is lower than that simple loss measurement, which is estimated by dividing the number of lost packets by the total number of sent packets. We evaluated our method through simulations and actual measurements and found that it can estimate below 10-3 packet loss rate with only 900 probe packets.