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Intelligent Signal Processing Based on a Psychologically-Inspired VLSI Brain Model
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences Vol.E85-A No.3 pp.600-609
Publication Date: 2002/03/01
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on the Trend of Digital Signal Processing and Its Future Direction)
Category: LSI/Signal Processors
psychological brain model,
Full Text: PDF
Despite the enormous power of present-day computers, digital systems cannot respond to real-world events in real time. Biological systems, however, while being built with very slow chemical transistors, are very fast in such tasks like seeing, recognizing, and taking immediate actions. This paper discusses the issue of how we can build real-time intelligent systems directly on silicon. An intelligent VLSI system inspired by a psychological brain model is proposed. The system stores the past experience in the on-chip vast memory and recalls the maximum likelihood event to the current input based on the associative processor architecture. Although the system can be implemented in a CMOS digital technology, we are proposing here to implement the system using circuits operating in the analog/digital-merged decision making principle. Low-level processing is done in the analog domain in a fully parallel manner, which is immediately followed by a binary decision to yield answers in digital formats. Such a scheme would be very advantageous in achieving a high throughput computation under limited memory and computational resources usually encountered in mobile applications. Hardware-friendly algorithms have been developed for real-time image recognition using the associative processor architecture and some experimental results are demonstrated.