Radar Polarimetry and Polarimetric Interferometry

Shane CLOUDE  Konstantinos P. PAPATHANASSIOU  Eric POTTIER  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E84-C   No.12   pp.1814-1822
Publication Date: 2001/12/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on New Technologies in Signal Processing for Electromagnetic-wave Sensing and Imaging)
Category: 
Keyword: 
radar polarimetry,  polarimetric radar interferometry,  eigenvalue processing,  classification,  

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Summary: 
This paper gives an overview of recent progress in radar polarimetry and radar polarimetric interferometry. Both techniques are of special importance for the inversion of physical scatterer parameters from radar remote sensing data. A unified treatment of polarisation effects in radar polarimetry and polarimetric interferometry based on eigenvalue processing is addressed providing a link between signal processing techniques and coherent electromagnetic models for random media scattering. In this context, the main applications of polarimetry in radar remote sensing such as single and multi-frequency polarimetric classification, the estimation of surface roughness and moisture content and vegetation structure estimation are reviewed.