An Adaptive Symbol Timing Synchronization Method for Multi-Mode & Multi-Service Software Radio Communications System

Ryo SAWAI  Hiroshi HARADA  Hiroshi SHIRAI  Masayuki FUJISE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.7   pp.1885-1896
Publication Date: 2001/07/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technology
software radio,  symbol timing,  synchronization,  ITS,  

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A symbol timing synchronization method is proposed for the realization of a multi-mode and multi-service software radio receiver. The method enables an accurate search for the optimum symbol timing without any redundant hardware such as sampling rate conversion devices, when the system clock is non-integer times for the target systems' symbol rates. Accordingly, a multimode and multi-service receiver can set an arbitrary system clock for the target systems' symbol rates, and the number of A/D converters can be reduced to the minimum. Also, it may lead to a reduction of the implementation time for digital signal processing hardware, and reduce the burden on the memory in a multi-mode and multi-service software radio receiver, since no sampling rate conversion is needed. The effectiveness of the proposed method for use with a multi-mode and multi-service software radio receiver for future ITS services, which are GPS (Global Positioning System), ETC (Electric Toll Collection system), and Japanese PHS (Personal Handy-phone System) is assumed, and the supposed system is evaluated by computer simulation. The jitter performance under an AWGN (Additive White Gaussian Noise) environment is first simulated, and the necessary number of over-samples and observation symbols are defined by the value of jitter which gives a theoretical value of the BER, respectively. Moreover, the bit error rate performance under a fading environment condition where the attenuation of a signal level fluctuates more rapidly than in a noise environment is calculated, and it is shown that the proposed method enables an accurate search for the optimum synchronization timing caused by a cycle slip even if the signal level is quite low, and allows one handset to adopt a system clock for several systems.