Comparison of Coherent Adaptive Antenna Array Diversity and Multi-Beam Receivers for Packet Transmission in W-CDMA Reverse Link

Naoki NAKAMINAMI  Shinya TANAKA  Taisuke IHARA  Mamoru SAWAHASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.7   pp.1823-1834
Publication Date: 2001/07/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Adaptive Array Antenna Techniques for Advanced Wireless Communications)
Category: Application to CDMA
Keyword: 
DS-CDMA,  adaptive antenna array diversity,  interference suppression,  multi-beam,  

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Summary: 
This paper compares the path detection probability for Rake combining and the BER performance of packet transmission with the length of TPKT = 10 (20) msec using the coherent adaptive antenna array diversity (CAAAD) receiver with those using a multi-beam receiver employing fixed antenna weights both with four antennas in a multipath fading channel in the W-CDMA reverse link. Laboratory experimental results elucidate that the required average received signal energy per bit-to-background noise spectrum density (Eb/N0) at the detection probability of 90% of at least one path and of two paths for the fading maximum Doppler frequency of fD = 5 (80) Hz using a multi-beam receiver with the number of beams equal to NBeam = 12 was decreased by approximately 1.0 (1.0) dB and 2.0 (2.0) dB, respectively, compared to that using the CAAAD receiver with the step size of µ= 10-2 for the average received SIR of the desired user of -12 dB in a 2-path Rayleigh fading channel with average equal power in a 5-user environment. We also found that the required average received Eb/N0 at the average BER of 10-3 using the multi-beam receiver was decreased by approximately 5.0 (2.5) dB compared to that of the CAAAD receiver with µ= 10-2, and the loss of the required average received Eb/N0 compared to that of CAAAD with sufficiently converged receiver antenna weights was approximately 2.0 (1.0) dB for TPKT = 10 (20) msec when the average received SIR = -12 dB in a 5-user environment.