Joint Multi-Dimensional Channel Parameter Estimation Schemes for DS-CDMA Systems Using a Modified Version of the SAGE Algorithm

Youssef R. SENHAJI  Takaya YAMAZATO  Masaaki KATAYAMA  Akira OGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E84-B   No.3   pp.511-519
Publication Date: 2001/03/01
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Innovative Mobile Communication Technologies at the Dawn of the 21st Century)
Category: 
Keyword: 
channel parameter estimation,  EM algorithm,  SAGE algorithm,  Cramer-Rao lower bound,  maximum-likelihood estimation,  

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Summary: 
A modified version of the SAGE algorithm is presented for joint delay-azimuth-attenuation parameters' estimation in a multiuser DS-CDMA system. The introduced modification consists of using different time interval lengths when calculating the time correlations for optimizing the different channel parameters. This modification was proposed for the purpose of a further reduction in the algorithm's computational weight in case of receiving sufficiently resolvable waves. Specifically, we found that short interval windows are sufficient for estimating delays and azimuth angles, which is quite effective in reducing the computational burden in their optimization processes. As for the estimation of the attenuation parameters, a longer time window, equal to the preamble length, is considered for more accurate estimation. Also two other estimators are proposed. The first one combining the modified SAGE with a sequential estimation of the attenuation parameters, suitable for slowly varying channels. Another one, similar to the first, and primarily designed to alleviate the influence of present strong interferers. Through a numerical example, the performances of the three presented estimation schemes, in terms of their near-far resistance, are compared. And it is shown that the proposed second combined estimator outperforms the modified SAGE in environments with high MAI levels.