Direction of Arrival Estimation Using Nonlinear Microphone Array

Hidekazu KAMIYANAGIDA  Hiroshi SARUWATARI  Kazuya TAKEDA  Fumitada ITAKURA  Kiyohiro SHIKANO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E84-A   No.4   pp.999-1010
Publication Date: 2001/04/01
Online ISSN: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Acoustic Signal Processing)
nonlinear array signal processing,  microphone array,  DOA estimation,  complementary beamforming,  

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This paper describes a new method for estimating the direction of arrival (DOA) using a nonlinear microphone array system based on complementary beamforming. Complementary beamforming is based on two types of beamformers designed to obtain complementary directivity patterns with respect to each other. In this system, since the resultant directivity pattern is proportional to the product of these directivity patterns, the proposed method can be used to estimate DOAs of 2(K-1) sound sources with K-element microphone array. First, DOA-estimation experiments are performed using both computer simulation and actual devices in real acoustic environments. The results clarify that DOA estimation for two sound sources can be accomplished by the proposed method with two microphones. Also, by comparing the resolutions of DOA estimation by the proposed method and by the conventional minimum variance method, we can show that the performance of the proposed method is superior to that of the minimum variance method under all reverberant conditions.