Megabit-Class Size-Configurable 250-MHz SRAM Macrocells with a Squashed-Memory-Cell Architecture

Nobutaro SHIBATA  Hiroshi INOKAWA  Keiichiro TOKUNAGA  Soichi OHTA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E82-C   No.1   pp.94-104
Publication Date: 1999/01/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Integrated Electronics
Keyword: 
SRAM,  macrocell,  size-configurable,  high speed,  low power,  per-bitline architecture,  current-sense amplifier,  squashed memory cell,  trench isolation,  

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Summary: 
High-speed and low-power techniques are described for megabit-class size-configurable CMOS SRAM macrocells. To shorten the design turn-around-time, the methodology of abutting nine kinds of leaf cells is employed; two-level via-hole programming and the array-address decoder embedded in each control leaf cell present a divided-memory-array structure. A new squashed-memory-cell architecture using trench isolation and stacked-via-holes is proposed to reduce access times and power dissipation. To shorten the time for writing data, per-bitline architecture is proposed, in which every bitline has a personal writing driver. Also, read-out circuitry using a current-sense-type two-stage sense amplifier is designed. The effect of the non-multiplexed bitline scheme for fast read-out is shown in a simulation result. To reduce the noise from the second- to first-stage amplifier due to a feedback loop, current paths are separated so as not to cause common impedance. To confirm the techniques described in this paper, a 1-Mb SRAM test chip was fabricated with an advanced 0.35-µm CMOS/bulk process. The SRAM has demonstrated 250-MHz operation with a 2.5-V typical power supply. Also, 100-mW power dissipation was obtained at a practical operating frequency of 150-MHz.