A Full-Wave Analysis of a Complete Model for a Radial Line Slot Antenna

Tetsuya YAMAMOTO  Jiro HIROKAWA  Makoto ANDO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.1   pp.165-173
Publication Date: 1999/01/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Antennas and Propagation
Keyword: 
radial line slot antenna,  small aperture,  rectangular cavity,  method of moment,  

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Summary: 
Extremely small aperture radial line slot antennas (RLSAs) are analyzed by method of moments. At first, the analysis model of cylindrical waveguide in terms of rectangular cavity modes is confirmed for a RLSA with a spiral slot arrangement. The overall VSWR as well as rotational symmetry of the actual structure of RLSAs is predicted for the first time and is confirmed experimentally. Secondly, the minimum diameter of the concentric array RLSA is estimated for which the conventional analysis model of a rectangular waveguide is valid for the design of matching slot pairs at the shorted periphery of the radial waveguide. It is found that the curvature and cylindrical short wall at aperture periphery must be considered in the design and analysis of small RLSAs with the gain lower than about 25 dBi.