B Hz)-time (T Sec)" together with their communication capacity. A primary modulation is assumed to be PPM in ST CDMA, and FSK in SS CDMA which is regarded as PPM in frequency axis. Both SS and ST CDMA are combined to give the proposed SS-ST CDMA, where transmitted signals are spread both in time and frequency domain. In order to realize the proposed system, a transmitter model is presented, and two receiver structures are discussed. The discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is employed for the system flexibility. Although SS, ST and SS-ST CDMA are shown to have the same capacity of 0.7213, the combined SS-ST CDMA has a merit of adaptability to adjust spreading gain of ST and SS according to property of channels, an impulsive noise dominated or a CW interference dominated channel. Numerical results of DFT are also shown to illustrate the waveform and spectrum of the proposed SS-ST CDMA system. Finally the symbol error probability performance of ST PPM, SS FSK and combined SS-ST systems in CW and impulsive environment is presented." />


A Proposal of Simultaneous Spread of PPM in Frequency and Time Axes for Adaptive CDMA

Jinsong DUAN  Ikuo OKA  Chikato FUJIWARA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E82-B   No.12   pp.2126-2135
Publication Date: 1999/12/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Radio Communication
Keyword: 
spread spectrum,  spread time,  PPM,  CDMA,  discrete Fourier transform,  capacity,  

Full Text: PDF(728.9KB)>>
Buy this Article




Summary: 
We have two goals in this paper. One is the comparison of Spread Spectrum (SS) CDMA and Spread Time (ST) CDMA. The other is to propose a new SS-ST CDMA system, which is an adaptive CDMA with both merits of SS and ST CDMA. SS and ST CDMA are compared from the view point of two dimensional space "frequency (B Hz)-time (T Sec)" together with their communication capacity. A primary modulation is assumed to be PPM in ST CDMA, and FSK in SS CDMA which is regarded as PPM in frequency axis. Both SS and ST CDMA are combined to give the proposed SS-ST CDMA, where transmitted signals are spread both in time and frequency domain. In order to realize the proposed system, a transmitter model is presented, and two receiver structures are discussed. The discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is employed for the system flexibility. Although SS, ST and SS-ST CDMA are shown to have the same capacity of 0.7213, the combined SS-ST CDMA has a merit of adaptability to adjust spreading gain of ST and SS according to property of channels, an impulsive noise dominated or a CW interference dominated channel. Numerical results of DFT are also shown to illustrate the waveform and spectrum of the proposed SS-ST CDMA system. Finally the symbol error probability performance of ST PPM, SS FSK and combined SS-ST systems in CW and impulsive environment is presented.