A PLL-Based Programmable Clock Generator with 50-to 350-MHz Oscillating Range for Video Signal Processors

Junichi GOTO  Masakazu YAMASHINA  Toshiaki INOUE  Benjamin S. SHIH  Youichi KOSEKI  Tadahiko HORIUCHI  Nobuhisa HAMATAKE  Kouichi KUMAGAI  Tadayoshi ENOMOTO  Hachiro YAMADA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E77-C   No.12   pp.1951-1956
Publication Date: 1994/12/25
Online ISSN: 
DOI: 
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on Multimedia, Analog and Processing LSIs)
Category: Processor Interfaces
Keyword: 
electronic circuits,  clock generator,  PLL,  frequency multiplication,  VCO,  VCO gain,  jitter,  pull-in range,  CMOS,  VSP,  

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Summary: 
A programmable clock generator, based on a phase-locked loop (PLL) circuit, has been developed with 0.5 µm CMOS triple-layer Al interconnection technology for use as an on-chip clock generator in a 300-MHz video signal processor. The PLL-based clock generator generates a clock signal whose frequency ranges from 50 to 350 MHz which is an integral multiple, from 2 to 16, of an external clock frequency. In order to achieve stable operation within this wide range, a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) with selectable low VCO gain characteristics has been developed. Experimental results show that the clock generator generates a 297-MHz clock with a 27-MHz external clock, with jitter of 180 ps and power dissipation of 120 mW at 3.3-V power supply, and it can also oscillate up to 348 MHz with a 31.7-MHz external clock.