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Microwave Characteristics of High-Tc Superconductors by Improved Three-Fluid Model
Tadashi IMAI Takaaki SAKAKIBARA Yoshio KOBAYASHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 1993/08/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Issue on High-Temperature Superconducting Electronics)
high-Tc superconductor, microwave, dielectric resonator, complex conductivity, momentum relaxation time, improved three-fluid model,
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In order to explain the temperature and frequency characteristics of high-Tc superconductors, a new model is proposed, which will be called the improved three-fluid model, where the momentum relaxation time τ is assumed to depend on temperature in the superconducting and normal states, respectively, although τ has been assumed to be independent of temperature for the conventional three-fluid model. According to this model, the complex conductivity σ1jσ2 and the surface impedance ZsRsjXs, where Rs is the surface resistance and Xs is the surface reactance, are expressed as a function of temperature. The temperature dependences of Zs and for a YBCO bulk estimated using this model agree very well with ones measured by the dielectric-loaded cavity method in room to cryogenic temperature. In particular, a peak of σ1 observed just below the critical temperature Tc in experiments, appeared in the calculated results based on this model. This phenomenon has been already known in the BCS theory. Thus, it is verified that this model is useful to explain the microwave characteristics of high-Tc superconductors in room to cryogenic temperature. On the other hand, the residual normal electron density nres4.2541023 m-3 and the total electron density nt7.3081024 m-3 are obtained by calculation. The ratio nres/nt0.058 can be used as figure of merit to evaluate material quality of high-Tc superconductors; thus it means that there is 5.8% nonpairing electron in this YBCO bulk.