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Three Dimensional Optical Interconnection Technology for Massively-Parallel Computing Systems
Kazuo KYUMA Shuichi TAI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 1993/07/25
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Issue on New Architecture LSIs)
optical interconnection, interconnection network, three dimensional optics, massively-parallel computer, neural network, multiprocessor, crossbar network, multistage interconnection network, smart pixel, spatial light modulator, optical switch, variable sensitivity photodetector, photorefractive crystal, volume hologram, optical neurochip, artificial retina, optical bus line,
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Three dimensional (3-D) optics offers potential advantages to the massively-parallel systems over electronics from the view point of information transfer. The purpose of this paper is to survey some aspects of the 3-D optical interconnection technology for the future massively-parallel computing systems. At first, the state-of-art of the current optoelectronic array devices to build the interconnection networks are described, with emphasis on those based on the semiconductor technology. Next, the principles, basic architectures, several examples of the 3-D optical interconnection systems in neural networks and multiprocessor systems are described. Finally, the issues that are needed to be solved for putting such technology into practical use are summarized.