Content-Oriented Disaster Network Utilizing Named Node Routing and Field Experiment Evaluation

Xin QI  Zheng WEN  Keping YU  Kazunori MURATA  Kouichi SHIBATA  Takuro SATO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.5   pp.988-997
Publication Date: 2019/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018NTP0009
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on the Architectures, Protocols, and Applications for the Future Internet)
Category: 
Keyword: 
disaster network,  information-centric networking,  named node networking,  low bandwidth wide area network,  

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Summary: 
Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) is designed for low-bandwidth, low-power, long-distance, large-scale connected IoT applications and realistic for networking in an emergency or restricted situation, so it has been proposed as an attractive communication technology to handle unexpected situations that occur during and/or after a disaster. However, the traditional LPWAN with its default protocol will reduce the communication efficiency in disaster situation because a large number of users will send and receive emergency information result in communication jams and soaring error rates. In this paper, we proposed a LPWAN based decentralized network structure as an extension of our previous Disaster Information Sharing System (DISS). Our network structure is powered by Named Node Networking (3N) which is based on the Information-Centric Networking (ICN). This network structure optimizes the excessive useless packet forwarding and path optimization problems with node name routing (NNR). To verify our proposal, we conduct a field experiment to evaluate the efficiency of packet path forwarding between 3N+LPWA structure and ICN+LPWA structure. Experimental results confirm that the load of the entire data transmission network is significantly reduced after NNR optimized the transmission path.