A Dynamic Channel Switching for ROD-SAN

Daiki NOBAYASHI  Yutaka FUKUDA  Kazuya TSUKAMOTO  Takeshi IKENAGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.5   pp.920-931
Publication Date: 2019/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018NTP0007
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on the Architectures, Protocols, and Applications for the Future Internet)
Category: 
Keyword: 
wireless sensor and actuator networks,  ROD-SAN,  channel switching,  

Full Text: FreePDF(1.3MB)


Summary: 
Wireless sensor and actuator networks (WSANs) are expected to become key technologies supporting machine-to-machine (M2M) communication in the Internet of things (IoT) era. However, sensors must be able to provide high demand response (DR) levels despite severely limited battery power. Therefore, as part of efforts to achieve a high DR, we are working on research and development related to radio-on-demand sensor and actuator networks (ROD-SANs). ROD-SAN nodes are equipped with wake-up receivers that allow all nodes to stay in sleep mode for a long period of time, and transmit only after the receiver receives a wake-up signal. In addition, sender nodes can direct the receiver nodes to switch communication channels because the wake-up signal also includes information on the channel to use for communication between each other. However, as the number of nodes utilizing the same channel increases, frequent packet collisions occur, thereby degrading response performance. To reduce packet collisions, we propose an own-channel-utilization based channel switching (OCS) scheme, which is a modification of the average-channel-utilization based switching (ACS) as our previous works. The OCS scheme decides whether or not to switch channels based on a probability value that considers not only average-channel utilization of nearby nodes but also own-channel utilization. This approach permits node switching to other channels by considering the overall utilization states of all channels. In this paper, based on simulations, we show that our scheme can improve the delivery ratio by approximately 15% rather than ACS scheme.