Millimeter-Wave InSAR Target Recognition with Deep Convolutional Neural Network

Yilu MA  Yuehua LI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E102-D   No.3   pp.655-658
Publication Date: 2019/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1587/transinf.2018EDL8158
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Pattern Recognition
Keyword: 
target recognition,  MMW InSAR,  feature extractor,  denoising convolutional neural network,  

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Summary: 
Target recognition in Millimeter-wave Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radiometer (MMW InSAR) imaging is always a crucial task. However, the recognition performance of conventional algorithms degrades when facing unpredictable noise interference in practical scenarios and information-loss caused by inverse imaging processing of InSAR. These difficulties make it very necessary to develop general-purpose denoising techniques and robust feature extractors for InSAR target recognition. In this paper, we propose a denoising convolutional neural network (D-CNN) and demonstrate its advantage on MMW InSAR automatic target recognition problem. Instead of directly feeding the MMW InSAR image to the CNN, the proposed algorithm utilizes the visibility function samples as the input of the fully connected denoising layer and recasts the target recognition as a data-driven supervised learning task, which learns the robust feature representations from the space-frequency domain. Comparing with traditional methods which act on the MMW InSAR output images, the D-CNN will not be affected by information-loss accused by inverse imaging process. Furthermore, experimental results on the simulated MMW InSAR images dataset illustrate that the D-CNN has superior immunity to noise, and achieves an outstanding performance on the recognition task.